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Nature of Material: shell is an organically formed material that was the covering of a salt water or freshwater animal; chemical composition mostly CaCO3,  plus some or¬ganic matter and water  

Appearance: Translucent to opaque virtually any color, but commonly white, gray, brown, yellow, orange, pink; often with a layered or patterned coloring 

Phenomena: orient (an iridescent effect)
Variety and Trade Names
Helmut shell - usually carved as cameos; generally layered in two colors: white and brown, or white and orange . 
Conch shell - pink to orange 
Operculum - white, green, and brown with an eye-like appearance 
Mother of pearl - shell with a pearly luster and possibly orient; abalone shell is a type with very striking orient

Chinese cat's-eye, shell cat's-eye. - Operculum 
Typical Size Range: large pieces common 
Typical Cutting Styles: cameos, carvings, beads, cabochons, inlays
Optic Character: AGG 
Refractive Index: 1.530-1.685 
Birefringence: .155
Pleochroism: none Layers 
Specific Gravity: 2.86 (+ .03, -.16) 
Polish Luster: greasy or pearly 
Fracture: uneven to splintery 
Luster: dull 
Cleavage: none 

Identifying Characteristics
Helmut shell cameo - straight irregular fibrous structure, concave back; operculum - eye-like marking on front, spiral growth on back; conch shell - flame-like structure 
Hardness: 3½ 
Toughness: fair 

Availability: plentiful 
Public Recognition: well-known 
Major Sources: Much of the shell used for jewelry and ornamentation comes from the world's tropic and sub-tropic zones 
Recommended Disclosures: Advise when treated or treatment is a possibility. Avoid rough wear, heat, and acids. Keep conch shell out of strong light.
The Meaning Of Shell

SHELL-THE STONE to stimulates psychic development

General Gemstone Details 
Abalone is a beautiful shell showing a play of bright blues and turquoise across a polished surface. Shells are the outer housing (exoskeleton) of sea-creatures, and is an organic gemstone which has been used in jewelry making and religious ceremonies for countless ages. Usually found off the coasts of South America, Japan, and China. Mother of Pearl and Paua shell is simply the dark blue and pearly lining of the Abalone shell. 

Scientific Properties: Moh’s Hardness of 3 with a trigonal crystal structure. Abalone is found in seas and oceans around the world, it is basically a large flattened shell with small holes that the creature uses to breathe. 

Mystical Properties: Abalone is reported by intuitive sources to stimulates psychic development and intuition, and promotes imagination in a healthy way. 
Nicknamed the sea ears, the Abalone's flattened, oval shape with iridescent interior was used by the Native Northwest American Indians as a natural vessel for cleansing, offerings and prayers. Abalone is purported to be especially useful for handling and calming emotional situations, and be very soothing to the emotions. Having abalone nearby when working through an emotional situation with someone is said to be beneficial, and to promote cooperation. Abalone is reported by intuitive sources to stimulates psychic development and intuition, and promotes imagination in a healthy way. Mystical Lore and Folklore says that abalone is helpful for arthritis and other joint disorders, muscle problems, the heart, and digestion. 

Healing Properties: Abalone is very healing to the body and especially the first three chakras. It is also calming to high strung people. Used by athletes to help build and protect muscle tissue. Also benefits the heart and helps in digestion. 

Magical Properties: 
Energy: Not Noted
Element: Not Noted
Powers: Not Noted

Associations: Not Noted Not a Traditional Birthstone for any Month Not a stone of any particular star sign Chakra Classification: Abalone is helpful with work on the 3rd, Solar Plexus Chakra



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