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Nature of Material: all color varieties of the mineral species corundum (ko-RUN-dum), except blue sapphire and the red stones qualifying as ruby, are classified as fancy sapphire; hexagonal (trigonal) crystal sys­tem; chemical composition Al2O

Appearance: Transparent to opaque yellow, orange, pink, brown, colorless
Phenomena: color change, asterism (see Star Ruby & Star Sapphire), chatoyancy (very rare)
Misnomers: Oriental topaz, king topaz,imperial topaz - yellow sapphire
Typical Size Range: melee sizes to 5 ct; faceted stones of several hundred carats occur Typical Cutting Styles: faceted, cabochons
Optic Character: DR, uniaxial negative
Refractive Index: 1.762-1.770 (+ .009, -.005)
Birefringence: .008 to .010
Dispersion: .018
Pleochroism: yellow - weak yellow and light yellow orange - strong yellow-brown or orange and colorless
Ultravoilet Fluorescence
orange - usually inert, may be strong orange-red (LW)
yellow - inert to moderate orange-red to orange-yellow (LW), weak red to
yellow-orange (SW)

Specific Gravity: 4.00 (+ .10, -.05)
Polish Luster: vitreous to sub adamantine
Fracture: conchoidal Luster:
vitreous Cleavage: none; twinned stones may show parting
Identifying Characteristics: silk (fine needle-like rutile or boehmite crystals); rutile needles often arranged in three sets that intersect one another at 60° angles; zircon crystals usually surrounded by a halo of dark fractures; fingerprint inclusions, hexagonal growth lines and color zoning.

Availability: limited to scarce (especially padparadscha sapphire) Public Recognition: unfamiliar; most people arc unaware that sapphires occur in colors besides blue
Birthstone Designation
September, Taurus (approximately Apr. 20 - May 20), 10:00 am, Thursday, Tuesday (star sapphire), and Autumn; 5th and 45th wedding anniversaries

Major Sources: Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Australia, Burma. others: India, Kampuchea, Kenya, Thailand, US Recommended Disclosures: Inform customers when treatment is detected or is a possibility.
The Meaning Of Sapphire

SAPPHIRE - The stone of loyalty and fidelity

Sapphire is the second hardest crystal that Mother Earth has given us. Second harder only to the Diamond. Many of the large Sapphire deposits are literally the remains of metamorphic or igneous veins of granite and marble weathered away into stream beds and mountain valleys. Sapphire being stronger than granite or marble survive the weathering and large amounts of the stone are simply gathered from gem gravels in Burma, Thailand, Australia, North America, Brazil, Kashmir and Africa.
It's rare beauty and enduring strength made sapphire quite popular as a talisman among royalty. A medieval historian wrote that kings wore the crystal to protect them from harm, and preventative among their court. A sapphire worn to the signing of a treaty was believed would ensure a true reconciliation and prevents further bloodshed. Lore also tells that a venomous snake left in a vessel with a sapphire would certainly die, as the gemstone provided protection from poison. There is an ancient Persian myth which tells of a giant blue sapphire that Mother Earth rests upon, and that the sky is the reflection of this titan blue crystal. As you can see, sapphire, like its twin corundum, ruby, has etched a place in history, atop the crowns of kings and glorified in legend. Historically a star sapphire was used as protection from the evil eye In Europe it was used to reflect harmful or evil spells back to the sender.Magicians were known to utilize the gemstones to enhance and direct their magical powers. Alchemists long ago associated the sapphire with the element of air, and India considered it to be the stone of Saturn, and believed it to be a portal to the heavenly realms. Sapphires can be used to open yourself up to receive heavenly messages, and aid you in clarifying just what the information you receive means to you.
This gemstone used during meditation can help you find your hidden potential, and sharpen the vision of your life's work, it will help you to clear a mental path so you can begin your journey.
Sapphires can help work with you to achieve your material dreams and desires, as well as sustain your wealth conceit is acquired. The gem will also be of assistance in keeping a balanced perspective, allowing you to better organize your thought processes, ensuring continued success as your material situation evolves.
It will also promote fair play and loyalty amongst partners and employees, as well as bring about correct conclusions to potentially unjust situations, if you are in the right.
The yellow sapphire is a wonderful and gentle too for working through leftover wounds of childhood abuse. It provides protective golden shield during the healing process and allows for safe expression of the words needed to release the pain.

Healing Properties: Sapphire is the most effective healing stone for the nervous system. It it told to regulate the function of the thyroid gland and is therefore quite useful as a remedy for lack of appetite and nervous heart trouble. In the far East, it was used as protection against the plague. On a psychological level, it gives the patient focus and instills the intent to get well, which in turn assists healing in all levels of the body. The gem may also aid in strengthening the walls of your blood vessels and stop nose bleeds. The green and blue crystals are especially helpful in healing energies. Green Sapphire possess a strong restorative energy that comes from its connection to Mother Earth.

Magical Properties:Energy: Receptive
Element: Water
Deities: Apollo
Powers: Psychic powers, love, meditation, peace, defensive magic, healing,power, and Money.
The Greeks identified the sapphire with Apollo, and the stone was worn when consulting oracles such as the famous on eat Delphi. If you engage in vision work or channeling, the sapphire will aid you in better understanding what has been revealed to you, as well as in articulating those messages in a way that will be the most beneficial for the receivers. Healers can use a green or yellow Sapphire is a similar way, directing and focusing the incoming energy to achieve the best results for the patient. Sapphire should be discharged and at the same time recharged in sea salt, if at all possible avoiding exposure to the sunlight.

Zodiac: Associations: Moon Traditional Birthstone for the Month of September. Blue sapphire is linked to Pisces,light-blue to Taurus, yellow to Gemini and star sapphire to Libra

Chakra Classification: Sapphire is most effective on the forehead to work with the Brow chakra or Third Eye to expand psychic awareness. Blue, purple and white Sapphires all are excellent for activating the Crown Chakra and clearing a path for the Kundalinito move freely through all your chakras. Yellow - another good healer's crystal,also beneficial for healing childhood trauma, or assisting children through difficult illnesses, works well in abundance medicine.


Orange Sapphire (Narangi Pukhraj)
Orange Sapphire (Narangi Pukhraj)
Orange sapphire was once an obscure and undervalued gem, but this is no longer the case. With orange’s arrival as an important fashion color, gems such as spessartite garnet, imperial topaz, and orange sapphire have gained popularity.

Orange sapphires range from light pastel oranges to vivid reddish oranges. As a blend of red and yellow hues, orange sapphires may be colored by a combination of chromium (red) and iron (yellow) trace elements, or by exposure to natural radiation. Orange sapphires whose color stems from natural radiation may fade on exposure to heat or intense daylight.

Orange sapphires with pleasing color are rare in any size, so stones that are slightly or moderately included are still valuable gems. Orange sapphires are not mined in great quantities, so stones are not usually cut to standard sizes or proportions.

Orange sapphires are found in Australia, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Kenya, and Madagascar.
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