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Nature of Material: topaz is a mineral species; orthorhombic crystal system; chemical com¬- position Al2(F,OH)2SiO4  

Appearance: Transparent colorless, yellow, orange, brown, pink to red to purple-red, light to dark blue, light green

Phenomena: chatoyancy (rare, in some blue and yellow-orange stones)
Variety and Trade Names
Sherry topaz - brownish yellow to orange to yellow brown
Imperial topaz - fine medium reddish orange
Precious topaz - a term often used to distinguish topaz, particularly in the yellow and orange colors, from the more common and less expensive citrine and smoky
Quartzes that are often misrepresented as "topaz"

Slave's diamond - colorless topaz
Brazilian sapphire - blue topaz Typical Size Range: orange, red, pink, and yellow: I - 8 ct; faceted stones over 30 ct are rare blue: 5 - 25 ct; faceted stones of more than 2000 ct have been cut for museums
Typical Cutting Styles: faceted, cabochons
Optic Character: DR, biaxial positive
Refractive Index: 1.619-1.627 (±.O10s)
Birefringence: .008 to .010
Dispersion: .014

Yellow: weak to moderate brownish yellow, yellow and orange-yellow
Brown: weak to moderate yellow-brown and brown
Red And Pink: weak to moderate light red and orangey red to yellow  
Green: weak to moderate blue-green and light green blue: weak to moderate, different tones of blue
Specific Gravity: 3.53 (±.04)
Polish Luster: vitreous
Fracture: conchoidal
Luster: vitreous
Cleavage: perfect in one direction

Identifying Characteristics
inclusions containing two or more no miscible liquids; 2-phase or 3-phase inclusions
Hardness: 8
Toughness: poor; dropping on a hard surface 'or even light blows may cleave a stone Stability:

Availability: plentiful in general, but fine orange, pink, and red are limited; irradiated blue is plentiful
Public Recognition: well-known, but some colors often confused with citrine or smoky quartz are misrepresented as' topaz
Birthstone Designation
November, Sagittarius (approximately Nov. 22 - Dec. 21); blue topaz - 4th wedding anniversary; imperial topaz - 23rd wedding anniversary

Major Sources: Brazil, Nigeria. Others: Australia, Burma, Mexico, Namibia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka" US, USSR 
Recommended Disclosures: Avoid rough handling. Advise when treatment, Radioactivity or fading is a possibility
The Meaning Of Topaz

TOPAZ - The stone of true love and success in all endeavours

Throat Chakra.
Astrological Sign of Sagittarius
Vibrates to the number 6

Metaphysical Properties: Promotes individuality and creativity, while providing self confidence in your own decisions. Helps to remove doubts about your decisions, and promotes the expression of ideas. Been said to inspire and assist in "Lighting the divine light of imagination".
Topaz acts as a catalytic trigger, and activates the laws of attraction and manifestation of your desires. It helps you to have faith in the universes desire to help you, prompting receptivity and willingness to act. It helps one to creatively change ones personal world.
Silver enhances the effects of topaz, acting as an additional conductor for topazes energy.
Topaz is particularly powerful when combined with Amethyst. As the topaz activates the laws of attraction and manifestation, the amethyst transforms the energies into spiritual vibrations to produce a soothing, clearing and stabilizing effect.
Change: Helpful in correcting unwanted, unloving behavior patterns.
Depression: Acts to replace negativity with love and joyfulness
Spiritual: Helps to initiate faith and further the quest for the enlightened state.
Emotional: Enhances relaxation, crates lightness of spirit, and stimulates feelings of peace
Physical Healing Properties: restores loss of taste, healing of wounds and skin eruptions. liver disorders, gal bladder, endocrine glands,

Color: Pink, green, red, gold, yellow, blue, white, reddish yellow, brown, gray and colorless.

General Gemstone Details

Wear topaz only if you wish to be clear-sighted as legend has it that it dispels all enchantment and helps to improve eyesight as well!
The ancient Greeks believed that it had the power to increase strength and make its wearer invisible in times of emergency. Topaz was also said to change color in the presence of poisoned food or drink. Its mystical curative powers waxed and waned with the phases of the moon.
Perhaps the most famous is a giant specimen set in the 17th century Portuguese Crown, (1,640 carats) the Braganza as it was named, was first thought to be a the largest diamond ever found, later it was discovered to be a colorless topaz.
Topaz is a quite a hard gemstone, but it can be split with a single blow, a trait it shares with the diamond. As a result it should be protected from hard knocks.

Scientific Properties: Moh’s Hardness of 8 with a orthorhombic crystal structure. The name topaz comes from the Sanskrit and means fire. The Egyptians said that topaz was colored with the golden glow of the mighty sun god Ra. This made topaz a very powerful amulet that protected the faithful against harm. The Romans associated topaz with Jupiter, who also is the god of the sun. Topaz occurs in a range of different colors, a deep golden yellow and pink topaz is, by far, the most valuable. Blue and green stone are also quite popular in modern terms. Natural pink stones are rare, most are simply heat treated yellow stones. Much colorless topaz is irradiated and heat treated to create a range of blues, some almost indistinguishable from aquamarine when seen with the naked eye.
Brown, yellow, orange, sherry, red and pink topaz is found in Brazil and Sri Lanka. Pink topaz is found in Pakistan and Russia. Pale topaz which is enhanced to become blue is found in Brazil, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, and China.

Some of the colors of Topaz 

Mystical Properties:
Topaz is said to enhance one's spiritual potential. Legend tells us that it is used to increase intelligence and creativity, impart wisdom which will in turn lead to wealth. The stone of "true love and success in all endeavours", it can be used to promote understanding, compassion, kindness and empathy. It opens the hearts of those who have closed them while at the same time protecting the openhearted from too much pain.
Blue with it's cool, tranquil, soothing vibrations help balance the emotions, with creativity, self expression and psychic perception.
Clear topaz opens up communication with non human species.
Yellow/gold, ruled by the sun, bring abundance, encourages practicality as well as good planning.
Green assists in keeping one from adding to karma by heavy thoughts of revenge
Sherry colored is helpful to students and scholars encouraging them to seek and retain knowledge. It is stimulating on the higher mind, charging the aura with greater awareness.
Brown or red-brown topaz stimulates good taste and discrimination as well as assisting one cut through doubt, specifically self-doubt. This stone is good for those who are more inclined to not trust the universe at all than to trust it indiscriminately.
Pink encourages integrity, honesty and openness.
White/Clear stimulates the mind for better intellectual focus, much the same effect as the amber, but is not as powerful.

Healing Properties: Topaz is a powerful stone in the way that quartz is. It is a balancing and calming stone that balances emotions, releases tension, balances emotions, and can bring joy.
Topaz stimulates the metabolism and digestions, heightening the taste buds! According to ancient traditions, it will stanches the flow of blood, and promote relaxation by easing tension. Physically, topaz aids with gout, blood disorders, hemorrhages, poor appetite, tissue regeneration, tuberculosis, aging (reverses), endocrine system.
BLUE TOPAZ specifically promotes artistic inspiration, strengthening the thyroid gland and enhancing the metabolism. It is known to commonly be used for weight loss.

Yellow topaz counteracts bad moods, and calms irritability caused by lack of sleep. This color also can detoxify the body to help with tissue regeneration. Place on the bodies of those moving on to the next realm, to help with a peaceful transition.

Magical Properties:
Energy: Projective
Element: Sun
Deities: Ra
Powers: Protection, healing, weight loss, money, love

Topaz is another stone used for protective purposes, it is considered specifically against envy, intrigue, disease, injury, sudden death, sorcery and negative magic as well as lunacy. This stone was told to be especially effective when set in gold and bound to the left arm. Worn it releases depression, anger, fear, greed, frenzies and all disturbing emotions. Placed in the home, it has a charm against fire and accidents. When placed under a pillow or worn to sleep, it fends off nightmares and ends sleepwalking.

Modern Birthstone for the Month of November in Yellow, and December in Blue. As well as an ancient birthstone for many cultures for the Month of November.
Stone of Sagittarius, to dream of topaz predicts protection and movement in your affairs.

Chakra Classification: Gold topaz is effective on the 2nd, Sacral or Navel Chakra, while white topaz works on all the chakras, and blue on the t5th, Throat Chakra.



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