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RUBY
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Nature of Material: Ruby is a variety of the mineral species Corundum (ko-RUN-dum); hexagonal (trigonal) crystal system; Chemical composition AL2O3

Appearance: Transparent to opaque Orangey red to purplish red, Brownish fee.

Phenomena: asterism, chatoyancy (very rare)
 
Trade Names
Burma, Burmese, or Oriental ruby - red to slightly purplish red in medium dark tone and vivid saturation; generally considered finest color was traditionally denoted ,by the term pigeon's blood beef blood - slightly darker than pigeon's blood color French-color, cherry - slightly darker them pigeon's blood color Thai, Siam, or Siamese - dark red to brownish red or purplish red Ceylon or Sri Lankan - lighter in tone, and often more brilliant than Burmese or Thai stones African (Umba River) - typically orangey red star ruby – semitransparent to opaque, light to dark tones of red to purple-red, with asterism (usually G rays); includes stones that may be too light or too purple to call ruby if they were transparent (see Star Ruby & Star Sapphire).
 
 
 
Identification
Optic Character: DR, uniaxial-negative
Refractive Index: 1.762-1.770 (+ .009, -.005)
Birefringence: .008 to .010
Dispersion: .018
Pleochroism: strong, purplish red and orangey red
 
 
 
Ultravoilet Fluorescence
Burma - strong red (LW), moderate red (SW)
Ceylon - strong orange-red (LW), moderate orange-red (SW)
Thai - weak red (LW) , inert (SW)
Absorption Spectra: a strong doublet at 694.2 and 692.8 nm which may appear as a fluores¬cent line, fairly distinct lines at 668 and 659.2 nm, broad absorption from 620 to 540 nm, a strong doublet at 476.5 and 475 nm, a weak line at 468.5 nm, and general absorption of the violet
Polish Luster: vitreous to sub adamantine
Fracture: conchoidal, uneven
Luster: vitreous
Cleavage: none; may show parting on twinned stones
Identifying Characteristics: silk (fine needle-like rutile or boehmite crystals); rutile needles often arranged in three sets that intersect one another at 60° angles; zircon crystals usually surrounded by a halo of dark fractures; fingerprint inclusions, hexagonal growth lines and color zoning.

Market
Availability: limited for larger, fine quality stones Public Recognition: well-known.
 
 
 
Birthstone Designation
July, Capricorn (approximately Dec. 22 - Jan. 19), 5:00 pm, Tuesday, Wednesday (star ruby), and summer; 15th and 40th wedding anniversaries

Major Sources: Thailand, Burma, Kampuchea, Sri Lanka Kenya. Others: Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Tanzania Recommended Disclosures: Inform customers when treatment is detected or is a possibility.
 
 
 
THE MEANING OF RUBY

RUBY - The stone of fire and passion


Main Chakra: Heart Vibrates to the number of 3
Astrological Sign of Leo, Scorpio, Cancer, & Sagittarius
Birthstone: July.
Keywords: Spiritual wisdom, health, knowledge, wealth, bliss, transition, change and choices.
Metaphysical Properties: The energy of Ruby is intense and vivid.
It is the chosen stone of Leaders, Kings and Priests for its ability to guide and help make wise and noble decisions.
It is said that the power of Ruby is in its encouragement to follow your dreams and your bliss, helping you to change your world. Ruby will bring light to the dark places in ones life, bringing a spark of awareness to those places where you might still need work, and giving you the opportunity to clear that path. Ruby also heightens our love for life, giving us motivation and inspiration to choose wisely for ourselves and others.
Eliminates the "Martyr" syndrome, the underlying belief that you are somehow "less than" that sets you up to fail by thinking you need to experience pain and suffering to learn. The Universe has all of infinity at its disposal to teach you, it does not need you to be its whipping boy.
Ruby's wisdom is in teaching you how precious you are. You were handcrafted in Love, and meant to be happy.
For people in recovery, it is said to reduce the time needed for chemicals and toxins to exit the body. Ruby stimulates the heart Chakra. It helps you to change, and make the transition from the person you are today, to the person you want to be, and you wish to be in your heart. Improves ones outcome in controversies and disputes Excellent protection stone Particularly good for helping to make wise financial decisions One of the stones used in the breastplate of the High Priest Fertility Stone Detoxifies and eliminates chemicals from your system Physical Healing Properties: Treatment of fever, circulatory constrictions, heart disorders, blood flow, muscular system, throat, parathyroid glands, brain.


HINDI NAME – RUBY MANIK

 
 
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