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Nature of Material: serpentine (SER-pen-teen) is a mineral group; monoclinic crystal system; chemical composition (Mg,Fe,Ni)3Si2O5(OH)s; also occurs as a colorant in marble and as a component in various rocks 

Appearance: Semitransparent to opaque green to greenish yellow, white, brown, black; often mottled 

Phenomena: none
Variety and Trade Names
Bowenite - translucent light to medium green to yellow-green 
Verd-antique - dark mottled or veined green 
Williamsite - semitransparent to translucent intense green 

new jade, Korean jade (bowenite), Soochow jade, Styrian jade 
Typical Size Range: very large pieces are available 
Typical Cutting Styles: carvings, beads, cabochons
Optic Character: AGG (DR) 
Refractive Index: 1.560-1.570 (+ .004, -.070) 
Birefringence: usually not detectable 
Specific gravity : 2.57 (+ .23 -.13)
Polish Luster: waxy to vitreous
Fracture: granular to uneven 
Luster: waxy to dull 
Cleavage: none 

Identifying Characteristics
black inc1usions (chromite octahedra), white veining, moss-like inclusions, often shows scratches and poor polish 
Hardness: 2½ to 6, bowenite and williamsite usually toward the harder end 
Toughness: poor 

Rarity: plentiful 
Public Recognition: unfamiliar in terms of true identity, since often misrepresented as jade 
Source: China, South, Africa, US
Recommended Disclosures: Advise when treated or treatment is a possibility.
The Meaning Of Serpentine

SERPENTINE THE STONE to relive physical disorders

General Gemstone Details
The name serpentine refers to a group of predominantly green minerals that occur in masses of small inter group crystals. Some say this stone earned it's name from the word "serpent" as it's coloring resembles the skin of a snake. It was in the 19th century that people became aware of the fire resistant nature of serpentine, as a result is was utilized in many materials and fabrics. According to legend, Romans used this stone as protection against sorcery and the dark arts. Vessels were made of serpentine, as they were said to shatter is they came into contact with poison. Therefore many ancients began using serpentine to craft drinking vessels. In the ancient civilizations of America, serpentine was considered as a guardian of vital energy as well as a protector of the soul against invisible powers. In the Middle Ages, serpentine was used to house medicine as it was told to increase the healing powers of the medicine and to make it last longer. 

Scientific Properties: Moh’s Hardness of 5 with a monoclinic crystal structure. Serpentine, Bowenite (translucent green or blue-green) and Williamsite (translucent green, veined with inclusions) is found in Southwest Africa, China India the USA and Italy.

Mystical Properties: To dream of serpentine symbolizes that someone near you will do something treacherous. This stone is an exceptional meditation stone, it will assist one in finding inner peace, as well as clearing the mind to become closer with oneself, but it should be reinforced with jade or chrysoprase to temper the energy. In ancient Assyria, it is told that this stone was carried to request of the gods and goddess to provide blessings.

Healing Properties:Serpentine has been used for treating a wide range of physical disorders. It is beneficial for cardiac irregularities, stomach and bowel issues, kidney disorders, and menstrual problems It can be worn or placed directly on the skin to help women with menstrual issues, such as pain and cramps, it is also said to help regulate the milk flow when one is lactating, as well as assisting women who are unable to reach orgasm due to tension. It will even out the moods and calm the wearer when in stressful or hectic situations. 

Magical Properties
Energy: Projective
Element: Fire
Powers: Protection, lactation In ancient civilizations, serpentine was used as a talisman, it was said to protect against demonic powers as well as promoting fertility. It is still used to protect against snake bites, poison and magic spells. In China and India it is quite often incorporated into altars, carvings and temple decorations, as it is seen as a protective stone that will bring peace. 

Associations: Saturn Not a traditional birthstone for any month. Stone of Scorpio, serpentine is said to protect one against venomous bites from snakes and all type of other creatures.

Chakra Classification: Serpentine is particularly powerful for the 4th, Heart Chakra and 2nd, Sacral or Navel Chakra. 



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