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Cubic Zirconia
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Nature of Material: synthetic cubic zirconia is a man-made material; cubic crystal system; Chemical composition ZrO2; (natural cubic zirconia has only been found as inclusions in zircon).

Appearance: transparent colorless, pink, blue, yellow, orange, red, green, purple, brown.

Phenomena: none
 
Variety and Trade Names
Also called Cu, cubic Z, diamond-Z, diamonair II, diamonesque, diamonite. DjevaIite, phianite, C-Ox

Misnomers: synthetic diamond, zircon, American diamond
Typical Size Range: large stones are available
Typical Cutting Styles: faceted, most often round brilliant
 
 
 
Identification
Optic Character: SR Refractive Index: 2.15 (+ .030)
Birefringence: none
Dispersion: .060
Ultraviolet Fluorescence: varies with color; common colorless variety - greenish yellow or yellowish orange (LW) , yellow (SW)
Specific Gravity: 5.80 (±.20)
Polish Luster: sub adamantine Fracture : conchoidal
Luster: sub adamantine
Cleavage: none

Identifying Characteristics
Slight see-through effect, moderate relief in methylene iodide, generally flawless but may contain un-melted zirconium oxide and gas bubbles, slightly higher dispersion than diamond, orange flash from pavilion when viewed under magnification.

Method of Manufacture: skull melt Enhancements: none known
Hardness: 8 ½
Toughness: good, unless highly strained
Reaction to Chemicals: not attacked

Market
Availability: plentiful, the most effective diamond stimulant known currently
Public Recognition: well-known, but not necessarily by technical name Recommended Disclosures: Inform customers it is a man-made material.
 
 
 
Little Known Facts About Cubic Zirconia
Cubic zirconia is a man made gemstone resembling a diamond used in jewelry settings. German mineralogists discovered cubic zirconia in its natural setting in the early nineteen hundreds, but has not been found since.

It was originally created to use a refractory material, which is impervious to heat and chemical damage. Scientists developed cubic zirconia as a new material to be used in lasers and other optical operations. The cubic zirconia you see today has been created in a laboratory by combining the metals of zirconium and oxide through extreme heat and a monitored cooling process. The temperature required to melt the zirconium is so extreme platinum containers could not be used in the melting process. Soviet scientists developed the method still used today to create the carat stones of cubic zirconia. The process entailed using the zirconium itself to hold the molten form of zirconium. The extreme temperature used to melt the zirconium is created by the use of a very large microwave. It allowed the center zirconium to melt while the outer layer remained cool and solid to hold the molten form. By 1980 there were 50 million carats of cubic zirconia created annually by using the method originally developed by the Soviet scientists.

The production of the cubic zirconia, the melting and cooling of the zirconium metal combined with the metal oxide, formation of columnar crystals are produced and then cut into gemstones. Recently manufacturers have been covering the cubic zirconia with a thin layer of carbon. The process has resulted in making the material harder. It has also given the material a more radiant, diamond-like look overall. Covering the stones with a very thin layer of metal oxide creates the iridescent effect. Unfortunately the effect is not permanent; a simple scratch can easily remove the layer of metal oxide. Because the cubic zirconia so closely resembles a diamond, only a trained eye can distinguish which stone is the diamond.

The differences between the diamond and the cubic zirconia can only be seen under a microscope. The notable differences seen under the microscope can be the distribution effect the cubic zirconia has on light. The cubic zirconia is not as hard as a diamond. A cubic zirconia will weigh more than a diamond of the same exact size. The cubic zirconia has in essence no flawless unlike a diamond. Under a microscope the cuts made in a cubic zirconia have notable differences to the cuts of a diamond. A diamond is rarely a colorless stone where as the cubic zirconia can be made with no color at all. Cubic zirconia can be made in almost any color one could wish for. To produce the color in the cubic zirconia different metal oxides are used to create certain colors. Cubic zirconia did not come make its introduction to the market until the late 1970s and has since had a huge impact on the jewelry industry. Because the inexpensive cost of the cubic zirconia, its resistance to wear and its close resemblance to the diamond, the cubic zirconia has become one of the most used gemstones as diamond replacement since its introduction to the market in the 1970s.

The cubic zirconia’s main competition was just recently created is a synthetic moissonite. However, cubic zirconia has retained its popularity in the jewelry market. Many people wanting the look of diamond jewelry without the price tag of diamond jewelry will opt of the cubic zirconia jewelry instead. These items can be used in many ways, your imagination is the limit. By placing crystals onto a clear piece of glass over a light, the colors will sparkle and light up any room with a beautiful glow. Placing them into a crystal or glass vase, in the sunlight or to create a focal point in the room. Place a candle in the midst of crystals in a bowl, this will create a bond between the colors and hopes Place crystals into water, with a beautiful floating candle.

USE YOUR IMAGINATION, THE POSSIBILITIES ARE UNLIMITED!

Reds:
protection, courage, energy. Help with blood, relieve anemia, stop bleeding, heal rashes and wounds.
Pinks: calm, sooth, stop distress, help with love. They smooth difficulties in relationships, help with self-love and are good for group rituals.
Oranges: for personal power, self esteem. They are connected to the Sun, attract luck and success, assists in positive outcomes.
Yellows: communication, inspiration, protection, visualization, travel, digestion, nervous system, skin problems, breathing disorders.
Greens: These are for healing. Eyes, kidneys, stomach, migraines, esp. Help with money, luck, prosperity, grounding and balance.
Blues: calm emotions, sleep, healing, ulcers and inflammation. Use them in the bath for purification.
Purples: mysticism, purification, meditation, psychic work, subconscious, health, obedience, headaches, mental illness, hair problems and sleep.

Whites: These are ruled by the Moon. Sleep, psychics, promote lactation, protection after dark, gets rid of headaches
Blacks: self control, grounding, resilience, quiet power, grounding, invisibility, peace, anxiety.

 
 
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